Solvent Dependence of the 2-Naphthyl(carbomethoxy)carbene Singlet−Triplet Energy Gap
journal contributionposted on 02.02.2002, 00:00 by Yuhong Wang, Christopher M. Hadad, John P. Toscano
The solvent dependence of the 2-naphthyl(carbomethoxy)carbene (2) singlet−triplet energy gap has been examined by time-resolved infrared (TRIR) and computational methods. The ground state of 2 changes from the triplet state in hexane to the singlet state in acetonitrile. Preferential stabilization of the singlet carbene is the result of its increased dipole moment in polar solvents. Variable-temperature TRIR experiments provide measurements of the enthalpic and entropic differences between 12 and 32 and suggest that solvent and geometry effects on the entropy of singlet and triplet carbenes can offset differences arising from spin multiplicity. B3LYP calculations using the polarizable continuum solvation model (PCM) reproduce the general trends in enthalpic differences seen experimentally.