Solvent-Engineered Design of Argyrodite Li6PS5X (X = Cl, Br, I) Solid Electrolytes with High Ionic Conductivity
journal contributionposted on 20.11.2018, 00:00 by Laidong Zhou, Kern-Ho Park, Xiaoqi Sun, Fabien Lalère, Torben Adermann, Pascal Hartmann, Linda F. Nazar
Argyrodites, Li6PS5X (X = Cl, Br), are considered to be one of the most promising solid-state electrolytes for solid-state batteries. However, while traditional ball-mill approaches to prepare these materials do not promote scale-up, solution-based preparative methods have resulted in poor ionic conductivity. Herein, we report a solution-engineered, scalable approach to these materials, including the new argyrodite solid solution phase Li6–yPS5–yCl1+y (y = 0–0.5), that shows very high ionic conductivities (up to 3.9 mS·cm–1) and negligible electronic conductivities. These properties are almost the same as their analogues prepared by solid-state methods, owing to a lack of amorphous contributions and low impurity contents ranging from 3 to 10%. Electrochemical performance is demonstrated for Li6PS5Cl in a prototype solid-state battery and compared to that of the same solid electrolyte derived from classic ball-milling processing.