American Chemical Society
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Solution Structure of Eucommia Antifungal Peptide:  A Novel Structural Model Distinct with a Five-Disulfide Motif,

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journal contribution
posted on 2004-05-25, 00:00 authored by Ren-Huai Huang, Ye Xiang, Guan-Zhong Tu, Ying Zhang, Da-Cheng Wang
The three-dimensional structure in aqueous solution of Eucommia antifungal peptide 2 (EAFP2) from Eucommia ulmoides Oliv was determined using 1H NMR spectroscopy. EAFP2 is a newly discovered 41-residue peptide distinct with a five-disulfide cross-linked motif. This peptide exhibits chitin-binding activity and inhibitory effects on the growth of cell wall chitin-containing fungi and chitin-free fungi. The structure was calculated by using torsion angle dynamic simulated annealing with a total of 614 distance restraints and 16 dihedral restraints derived from NOESY and DQF-COSY spectra, respectively. The five disulfide bonds were assigned from preliminary structures using a statistical analysis of intercystinyl distances. The solution structure of EAFP2 is presented as an ensemble of 20 conformers with a backbone RMS deviation of 0.65 (±0.13) Å for the well-defined Cys3−Cys39 segment. The tertiary structure of EAFP2 represents the first five-disulfide cross-linked structural model of the plant antifungal peptide. EAFP2 adopts a compact global fold composed of a 310 helix (Cys3−Arg6), an α-helix (Gly26−Cys30), and a three-strand antiparallel β-sheet (Cys16−Ser18, Tyr22−Gly24, and Arg36−Cys37). The tertiary structure of EAFP2 shows a chitin-binding domain (residues 11−30) with a hydrophobic face and a characteristic sector formed by the N-terminal 10 residues and the C-terminal segment cross-linked through the unique disulfide bond Cys7−Cys37, which brings all four positively charged residues (Arg6, Arg9, Arg36, and Arg40) onto a cationic face. On the basis of such a structural feature, the possible structural basis for the functional properties of EAFP2 is discussed.