American Chemical Society
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Solution-Processed PEDOT:PSS/Graphene Composites as the Electrocatalyst for Oxygen Reduction Reaction

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journal contribution
posted on 2014-03-12, 00:00 authored by Miao Zhang, Wenjing Yuan, Bowen Yao, Chun Li, Gaoquan Shi
Composites of poly­(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly­(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) have been prepared by solution mixing and applied as electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) after treatment with concentrated H2SO4. The blending of rGO induces the conformational change of PEDOT chains from benzoid to quionoid structure and charge transfer from rGO to PEDOT. H2SO4 post-treatment can remove part of insulating PSS from the surface of the PEDOT:PSS/rGO composite film, resulting in a significant conductivity enhancement of the composite. This synergistic effect makes the H2SO4-treated PEDOT:PSS/rGO composite a promising catalyst for ORR. It exhibits enhanced electrocatalytic activity, better tolerance to a methanol crossover effect and CO poisoning, and longer durability than those of the platinum/carbon catalyst.