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Site Occupancies, VUV-UV–vis Photoluminescence, and X‑ray Radioluminescence of Eu2+-Doped RbBaPO4

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journal contribution
posted on 13.11.2020, 06:03 by Rongfu Zhou, Fengkai Ma, Fang Su, Yiyi Ou, Zeming Qi, Jianhui Zhang, Yan Huang, Pieter Dorenbos, Hongbin Liang
RbBaPO4:Eu2+ phosphors have been prepared by a high-temperature solid-state reaction method, and the structure was determined by Rietveld refinement based on powder X-ray diffraction (P-XRD) data. Their VUV-UV–vis photoluminescence properties are systematically investigated with three objectives: (1) based on low-temperature spectra, we clarify the site occupancies of Eu2+, and demonstrate that the doublet emission bands at ∼406 and ∼431 nm originate from Eu2+ in Ba2+ [Eu2+(I)] and Rb+ [Eu2+(II)] sites, respectively; (2) an electron-vibrational interaction (EVI) analysis is conducted to estimate the Huang–Rhys factors, the zero-phonon lines (ZPLs) and the Stokes shifts of Eu2+ in Rb+ and Ba2+ sites; (3) the studies on luminescence decay of Eu2+(I) reveal that dipole–dipole interaction is mainly responsible for the energy transfer from Eu2+(I) to Eu2+(II), and the energy migration between Eu2+(I) is weak. Finally, the X-ray excited luminescence (XEL) spectrum indicates that the light yield of the sample RbBa0.995Eu0.005PO4 is ∼17 700 ph/MeV, showing its potential application in X-ray detecting.