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Single-Site Palladium(II) Catalyst for Oxidative Heck Reaction: Catalytic Performance and Kinetic Investigations

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journal contribution
posted on 05.06.2015, 00:00 by Hui Duan, Menghuan Li, Guanghui Zhang, James R. Gallagher, Zhiliang Huang, Yu Sun, Zhong Luo, Hongzhong Chen, Jeffrey T. Miller, Ruqiang Zou, Aiwen Lei, Yanli Zhao
The development of organometallic single-site catalysts (SSCs) has inspired the designs of new heterogeneous catalysts with high efficiency. Nevertheless, the application of SSCs in certain modern organic reactions, such as C–C bond formation reactions, has still been less investigated. In this study, a single-site Pd­(II) catalyst was developed, where 2,2′-bipyridine-grafted periodic mesoporous organosilica (PMO) was employed as the support of a Pd­(II) complex. The overall performance of the single-site Pd­(II) catalyst in the oxidative Heck reaction was then investigated. The investigation results show that the catalyst displays over 99% selectivity for the product formation with high reaction yield. Kinetic profiles further confirm its high catalytic efficiency, showing that the rate constant is nearly 40 times higher than that for the free Pd­(II) salt. X-ray absorption spectroscopy reveals that the catalyst has remarkable lifetime and recyclability.