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Single Diastereomers of Polyhydroxylated 9-Oxa-1-azabicyclo[4.2.1]nonanes from Intramolecular 1,3-Dipolar Cycloaddition of ω-Unsaturated Nitrones

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journal contribution
posted on 27.10.2006, 00:00 by Petra Pádár, Attila Bokros, Gábor Paragi, Péter Forgó, Zoltán Kele, Nicola M. Howarth, Lajos Kovács
8-Benzyloxymethyl-3,4,5-tribenzoyloxy-9-oxa-1-azabicyclo[4.2.1]nonane has been prepared as the single diastereoisomer 8 from an intramolecular 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition involving 2-(benzyloxy)acetaldehyde and ω-unsaturated hydroxylamine 7 derived from methyl α-d-glucopyranoside. The analogous 8-methoxycarbonyl 9-oxa-1-azabicyclo[4.2.1]nonane was afforded in a similar manner, from methyl d-galactopyranoside and methyl glyoxylate, as a 3:1 mixture of diastereoisomers 15 and 16. When conducted in achiral ionic liquid 17 this ratio increased to 8:1, and in chiral ionic liquid 18, compound 15 was formed exclusively.