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Single Crystal Growth and Study of the Ferromagnetic Superconductor RbEuFe4As4

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journal contribution
posted on 2018-04-20, 00:00 authored by Jin-Ke Bao, Kristin Willa, Matthew P. Smylie, Haijie Chen, Ulrich Welp, Duck Young Chung, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis
RbEuFe4As4 exhibits both superconducting order in the FeAs layers and ferromagnetic order in the Eu layers, providing a good platform to study the interaction and microscopic coexistence of these two traditionally incompatible orders. Growing high-quality RbEuFe4As4 single crystals is essential to investigate these phenomena at a deeper level. Here we report the successful growth of the RbEuFe4As4 single crystals with millimeter-size dimensions using a RbAs flux. The high-quality crystals were characterized via resistivity, magnetization, and heat capacity measurements. Single crystal X-ray diffraction data refinements reveal almost regular FeAs4 tetrahedra (As1–Fe–As1 = 108.60(7)°, As2–Fe–As2 = 109.01(8)°, and As1–Fe–As2 = 109.81(2)°) in RbEuFe4As4, providing structural support for the highest superconducting transition temperature (Tc = 36.8 K) among all known AAeFe4As4 (A = K, Rb, Cs; Ae = Ca, Sr, Eu) compounds. Our flux method using RbAs can also be employed to grow other desired transition metal compounds targeting the same crystal structure.