American Chemical Society
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Single-Atom Ru Catalyst-Decorated CNF(ZnO) Nanocages for Efficient H2 Evolution and CH3OH Production

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-12-11, 18:20 authored by Chandra Shobha Vennapoosa, Sagar Varangane, B. Moses Abraham, Vidha Bhasin, Santanu Bhattacharyya, Xuefeng Wang, Ujjwal Pal, Debabrata Chatterjee
The presence of transition-metal single-atom catalysts effectively enhances the interaction between the substrate and reactant molecules, thus exhibiting extraordinary catalytic performance. In this work, we for the first time report a facile synthetic procedure for placing highly dispersed Ru single atoms on stable CNF(ZnO) nanocages. We unravel the atomistic nature of the Ru single atoms in CNF(ZnO)/Ru systems using advanced HAADF-STEM, HRTEM, and XANES analytical methods. Density functional theory calculations further support the presence of ruthenium single-atom sites in the CNF(ZnO)/Ru system. Our work further demonstrates the excellent photocatalytic ability of the CNF(ZnO)/Ru system with respect to H2 production (5.8 mmol g–1 h–1) and reduction of CO2 to CH3OH [249 μmol (g of catalyst)−1] with apparent quantum efficiencies of 3.8% and 1.4% for H2 and CH3OH generation, respectively. Our studies unambiguously demonstrate the presence of atomically dispersed ruthenium sites in CNF(ZnO)/Ru catalysts, which greatly enhance charge transfer, thus facilitating the aforementioned photocatalytic redox reactions.