American Chemical Society
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Simultaneously Altering the Energy Release and Promoting the Adhesive Force of an Electrophoretic Energetic Film with a Fluoropolymer

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-02-17, 14:05 authored by Yanjun Yin, Yue Dong, Mingling Li, Zili Ma
Energetic coatings have attracted a great deal of interest with respect to their compatibility and high energy and power density. However, their preparation by effective and inexpensive methods remains a challenge. In this work, electrophoretic deposition was investigated for the deposition of an Al/CuO thermite coating as a typical facile effective and controllable method. Given the poor adhesion of the deposited film and the native inert Al2O3 shell on Al limiting energy output, further treatment was conducted by soaking in a Nafion solution, which not only acted as a fluoropolymer binder but also introduced a strong F oxidizer. It is interesting to note that the adhesion level of Al/CuO films was improved greatly from 1B to 4B, which was attributed to Nafion organic network film formation, like a fishing net covering the loose particles in the film. Combustion and energy release were analyzed using a high-speed camera and a differential scanning calorimeter. A combustion rate of ≤3.3 m/s and a heat release of 2429 J/g for Al/NFs/CuO are far superior to those of pristine Al/CuO (1.3 m/s and 841 J/g, respectively). The results show that the excellent combustion and heat release properties of the energetic film system are facilitated by the good combustion-supporting properties of organic molecules and the increase in the film density after organic treatment. The prepared Al/NFs/CuO film was also employed as ignition material to fire B-KNO3 explosive successfully. This study provides a new way to prepare organic–inorganic hybrid energetic films, simultaneously altering the energy release and enhancing the adhesive force. In addition, the Al/NFs/CuO coating also showed considerable potential as an ignition material in microignitors.