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Simultaneous Top and Bottom Perovskite Interface Engineering by Fullerene Surface Modification of Titanium Dioxide as Electron Transport Layer

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journal contribution
posted on 14.08.2017, 00:00 by John Ciro, Santiago Mesa, Juan Felipe Montoya, José Ignacio Uribe, Rafael Betancur, Franklin Jaramillo
Optimization of the interface between the electron transport layer (ETL) and the hybrid perovskite is crucial to achieve high-performance perovskite solar cell (PSC) devices. Fullerene-based compounds have attracted attention as modifiers on the surface properties of TiO2, the archetypal ETL in regular n-i-p PSCs. However, the partial solubility of fullerenes in the aprotic solvents used for perovskite deposition hinders its application to low-temperature solution-processed PSCs. In this work, we introduce a new method for fullerene modification of TiO2 layers derived from nanoparticles (NPs) inks. Atomic force microscopy characterization reveals that the resulting ETL is a network of TiO2-NPs interconnected by fullerenes. Interestingly, this surface modification enhances the bottom interface of the perovskite by improving the charge transfer as well as the top perovskite interface by reducing surface trap states enhancing the contact with the p-type buffer layer. As a result, rigid PSCs reached a 17.2% power conversion efficiency (PCE), while flexible PSCs exhibited a remarkable stabilized PCE of 12.2% demonstrating the potential application of this approach for further scale-up of PSC devices.