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Simultaneous Enzyme-Free Detection of Multiple Long Noncoding RNAs in Cancer Cells at Single-Molecule/Particle Level

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journal contribution
posted on 05.05.2021, 13:33 by Yan Zhang, Chen Wang, Xiaoran Zou, Xiaorui Tian, Juan Hu, Chun-yang Zhang
Aberrant change in long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) is associated with various diseases and cancers. So far, simultaneous detection of lncRNAs has remained a great challenge due to their large size and extensive secondary structure. Herein, we develop an enzyme-free single-molecule/particle detection method for simultaneous detection of multiple lncRNAs in cancer cells based on target-catalyzed strand displacement. We designed the magnetic bead–capture probe–multiple Cy5/Cy3-modified reporter unit complexes to isolate and identify lncRNA MALAT1 and lncRNA HOTAIR. The target-catalyzed strand displacement reactions lead to the release of Cy5 and Cy3 fluorescent molecules from the complexes, which can be subsequently quantified by single-molecule/particle detection. The dual-targetability, good selectivity and high sensitivity of this method enables simultaneous detection of multiple lncRNAs in even single cancer cell. Importantly, this method can discriminate cancer cells from normal cells and has significant advantages in the simple sequence design and in being free of enzymes, holding great potential in living cell imaging and early clinical diagnosis.