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Simultaneous Enhancement of Charge Separation and Hole Transportation in a W:α-Fe2O3/MoS2 Photoanode: A Collaborative Approach of MoS2 as a Heterojunction and W as a Metal Dopant

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journal contribution
posted on 10.08.2021, 14:03 by Zohreh Masoumi, Meysam Tayebi, Morteza Kolaei, Ahmad Tayyebi, Hongsun Ryu, Joon I. Jang, Byeong-Kyu Lee
In this study, a facile approach has been successfully applied to synthesize a W-doped Fe2O3/MoS2 core–shell electrode with unique nanostructure modifications for photoelectrochemical performance. A two-dimensional (2D) structure of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) and tungsten (W)-doped hematite (W:α-Fe2O3) overcomes the drawbacks of the α-Fe2O3 and MoS2 semiconductor through simple and facile processes to improve the photoelectrochemical (PEC) performance. The highest photocurrent density of the 0.5W:α-Fe2O3/MoS2 photoanode is 1.83 mA·cm–2 at 1.23 V vs reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE) under 100 mW·cm2 illumination, which is higher than those of 0.5W:α-Fe2O3 and pure α-Fe2O3 electrodes. The overall water splitting was evaluated by measuring the H2 and O2 evolution, which after 2 h of irradiation for 0.5W:α-Fe2O3/MoS2 was determined to be 49 and 23.8 μ–2, respectively. The optimized combination of the heterojunction and metal doping on pure α-Fe2O3 (0.5W:α-Fe2O3/MoS2 photoanode) showed an incident photon-to-electron conversion efficiency (IPCE) of 37% and an applied bias photon-to-current efficiency (ABPE) of 26%, which are around 5.2 and 13 times higher than those of 0.5W:α-Fe2O3, respectively. Moreover, the facile fabrication strategy can be easily extended to design other oxide/carbon-sulfide/oxide core–shell materials for extensive applications.