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Simple Colorimetric and Fluorescence Chemosensing Probe for Selective Detection of Sn2+ Ions in an Aqueous Solution: Evaluation of the Novel Sensing Mechanism and Its Bioimaging Applications

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journal contribution
posted on 07.12.2020, 19:53 by Palanisamy Ravichandiran, Vignesh Krishnamoorthi Kaliannagounder, Antony Paulraj Bella, Anna Boguszewska-Czubara, Maciej Masłyk, Cheol Sang Kim, Chan Hee Park, Princy Merlin Johnson, Byung-Hyun Park, Myung-Kwan Han, Ae Rhan Kim, Dong Jin Yoo
An easily accessible colorimetric and fluorescence probe 4-((3-chloro-1,4-dioxo-1,4-dihydronaphthalen-2-yl)­amino)­benzenesulfonamide (4CBS) was successfully developed for the selective and sensitive detection of Sn2+ in an aqueous solution. The sensing mechanism involves reduction of −CO into −C–OH groups in 4CBS upon the addition of Sn2+, which initiates the fluorescence turn-on mode. A better linear relationship was achieved between fluorescence intensity and Sn2+ concentration in the range of 0–62.5 μM, with a detection limit (LOD) of 0.115 μM. The binding mechanism of 4CBS for Sn2+ was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared analysis, NMR titrations, and mass (electrospray ionization) spectral analysis. Likewise, the proposed sensing mechanism was supported by quantum chemical calculations. Moreover, bioimaging studies demonstrated that the chemosensing probe 4CBS is an effective fluorescent marker for the detection of Sn2+ in living cells and zebrafish. Significantly, 4CBS was able to discriminate between Sn2+ in human cancer cells and Sn2+ in normal live cells.