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Silk Sponges Ornamented with a Placenta-Derived Extracellular Matrix Augment Full-Thickness Cutaneous Wound Healing by Stimulating Neovascularization and Cellular Migration

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journal contribution
posted on 02.05.2018, 00:00 by Arun Prabhu Rameshbabu, Kamakshi Bankoti, Sayanti Datta, Elavarasan Subramani, Anupam Apoorva, Paulomi Ghosh, Priti Prasanna Maity, Padmavati Manchikanti, Koel Chaudhury, Santanu Dhara
Regeneration of full-thickness wounds without scar formation is a multifaceted process, which depends on in situ dynamic interactions between the tissue-engineered skin substitutes and a newly formed reparative tissue. However, the majority of the tissue-engineered skin substitutes used so far in full-thickness wound healing cannot mimic the natural extracellular matrix (ECM) complexity and thus are incapable of providing a suitable niche for endogenous tissue repair. Herein, we demonstrated a simple approach to fabricate porous hybrid ECM sponges (HEMS) using a placental ECM and silk fibroin for full-thickness wound healing. HEMS with retained cytokines/growth factors provided a noncytotoxic environment in vitro for human foreskin fibroblasts (HFFs), human epidermal keratinocytes (HEKs), and human amniotic membrane-derived stem cells to adhere, infiltrate, and proliferate. Interestingly, HEMS-conditioned media accelerated the migration of HFFs and HEKs owing to the presence of cytokines/growth factors. Also, the ex vivo chick chorioallantoic membrane assay of HEMS demonstrated its excellent vascularization potential by inducing and supporting blood vessels. Additionally, HEMS when subcutaneously implanted demonstrated no severe immune response to the host. Furthermore, HEMS implanted in full-thickness wounds in a rat model showed augmented healing progression with well-organized epidermal–dermal junctions via pronounced angiogenesis, accelerated migration of HFFs/HEKs, enhanced granulation tissue formation, and early re-epithelialization. Taken together, these findings show that porous HEMS ornamented with cytokines/growth factors having superior physicomechanical properties may be an appropriate skin substitute for full-thickness cutaneous wounds.