American Chemical Society
ac0c00191_si_001.pdf (1.63 MB)

Separating Isomers, Conformers, and Analogues of Cyclosporin using Differential Mobility Spectroscopy, Mass Spectrometry, and Hydrogen–Deuterium Exchange

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-08-06, 22:19 authored by K. H. Brian Lam, J. C. Yves Le Blanc, J. Larry Campbell
Cyclosporins are an invaluable class of drug used to prevent the rejection of transplanted tissue. While the most popular drug in this group is cyclosporin A, several other analogues are available, including some enantiomeric and structurally isomeric forms. Unfortunately, the presence of such isomers can make the detection and identification of these drugs by mass spectrometry (MS) alone quite challenging. Here, we demonstrate the separation and analysis of six cyclosporin analogues using liquid chromatography (LC) and differential mobility spectroscopy (DMS) coupled to MS. Using DMS, we demonstrate the separation of three isomers: CycA and CycH (cyclosporin H), which are enantiomers, and isocyclosporin A (a structural isomer of CycA and CycH). For several of the cyclosporins, we can separate different conformers for each isomeric form. After DMS separation, tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) analyses of the separated isomers also distinguish these isomeric forms of cyclosporin. In addition, we have probed differences between each isomer by using gas-phase hydrogen–deuterium exchange (HDX) immediately after DMS separation, which reveals differences in the levels of intramolecular hydrogen bonding between each of the cyclosporins.