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Self-Assembly of Cu2O Monolayer Colloidal Particle Film Allows the Fabrication of CuO Sensor with Superselectivity for Hydrogen Sulfide

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journal contribution
posted on 11.01.2019, 00:00 authored by Zongke Xu, Yuanyuan Luo, Guotao Duan
CuO monolayer colloidal particle films with controllable thickness and homogeneous microstructure were prepared by self-assembly and subsequent calcination based on Cu2O colloidal particles. Large-scale CuO monolayer colloidal particle films have the particle size of 300–500 nm, and CuO colloidal particles are hollow. It was found that such a structure exhibits excellent room-temperature H2S-gas-sensing properties. It not only has high sensing response and excellent selectivity, but also has a low limit of detection of 100 ppb. The sensors exhibit different sensitive characteristics at low and high concentrations of H2S. At low concentration (100–500 ppb), the sensor can be recovered with the increase of gas response, although it takes a longer recovery time at room temperature. At medium concentration (1–100 ppm), although the gas response still increases, the sensor is irreversible at room temperature. When the concentration continues to increase (>100 ppm), the sensor is irreversible at room temperature, and the gas response first increases and then decreases. Two reaction mechanisms are proposed to explain the above-mentioned sensing behavior. More importantly, quasi in situ X-ray photoelectron spectra confirm the existence of CuS. The CuO sensor with room-temperature response and superselectivity will find potential applications in industry, environment, or intelligent electronics.