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Self-Assembly of Amphiphilic BODIPY Derivatives on Micropatterned Ionic Liquid Surfaces for Fluorescent Films with Excellent Stability and Sensing Performance

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-03-11, 18:36 authored by Hairui Lei, Huimin Han, Gang Wang, Somnath Mukherjee, Hongtao Bian, Jing Liu, Chuan Zhao, Yu Fang
Fluorescent films have been widely recognized as one of the most powerful tools for trace analyte detection. However, their use has been limited due to the poor photochemical stability of fluorophores at a gas–solid interface and inefficient film mass transfer. Herein, novel fluorescent films were developed through self-assembly of amphiphilic BODIPY derivatives on micropatterned ionic liquid surfaces. Unlike solid-state films, the obtained monolayer films exhibit excellent photochemical stability, similar to that of a solution. Moreover, the interfacial assembly of amphiphilic fluorophores can avoid gas diffusion inside the microdroplets, significantly improving the sensing performance. The 1/1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([BMIM]­BF4) monolayer exhibits high sensitivity, high selectivity, and a fast response to detect diethylchlorophosphate (DCP) vapor. The detection limit was 226 ppt, with a response time to DCP of 2.0 s. Importantly, the 1/[BMIM]­BF4 monolayer can be reused for at least 50 cycles with no obvious signal fading. This study is expected to benefit the development of new strategies for designing fluorescence sensing films and lay a solid foundation for the fabrication of multifunctional sensing devices with excellent photochemical stability and sensing performance.