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Self-Assembled Porphyrin Nanofiber Membrane-Decorated Alumina Channels for Enhanced Photoelectric Response

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journal contribution
posted on 30.10.2018, 00:00 by Dan Zhang, Shuqi Zhou, You Liu, Xia Fan, Mingliang Zhang, Jin Zhai, Lei Jiang
Photoresponsive nanochannel systems whose ionic transportation properties can be controlled by the photoelectric effect, such as for green chlorophyll pigments in plants, are attracting widespread attention. Herein, we prepared photoresponsive heterogeneous nanochannels by decorating self-assembled tetra­(4-sulfonatophenyl)­porphyrin (TPPS) nanofiber membranes on a membrane of hourglass-shaped alumina (Al2O3) nanochannels using the diffusion-limited patterning (DLP) method. The close arrangement of large-area nanofibers promoted the photoresponse sensitivity of the heterogeneous nanochannels, which showed the highest ionic transportation current. With illumination comparable to sunlight in intensity, the photoresponsive ionic current was approximately 9.7 μA, demonstrating photoswitching, which could be used to regulate the reversible transformation of ionic currents. Meanwhile, the cooperative effect of the TPPS nanofibers assembled at the entrance to the nanochannels and the TPPS molecules inside the nanochannels allowed the heterogeneous nanochannels to exhibit a good rectifying performance.