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Selectivity Determination of a Small Molecule Chemical Probe Using Protein Microarray and Affinity Capture Techniques

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journal contribution
posted on 05.08.2016, 00:00 by Erik C. Hett, Robert E. Kyne, Ariamala Gopalsamy, Michael A. Tones, Hua Xu, Guene L. Thio, Edward Nolan, Lyn H. Jones
Small molecule selectivity is an essential component of candidate drug selection and target validation. New technologies are required to better understand off-target effects, with particular emphasis needed on broad protein profiling. Here, we describe the use of a tritiated chemical probe and a 9000 human protein microarray to discern the binding selectivity of an inhibitor of the mRNA decapping scavenger enzyme DcpS. An immobilized m7GTP resin was also used to assess the selectivity of a DcpS inhibitor against mRNA cap-associated proteins in whole cell extracts. These studies confirm the exquisite selectivity of diaminoquinazoline DcpS inhibitors, and highlight the utility of relatively simple protein microarray and affinity enrichment technologies in drug discovery and chemical biology.