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Selective NO2 Gas Sensors Employing Nitrogen- and Boron-Doped and Codoped Reduced Graphene Oxide

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posted on 2024-03-09, 18:03 authored by Chiheb Walleni, Shuja Bashir Malik, Ghada Missaoui, Mohamed Ayoub Alouani, Mohamed Faouzi Nsib, Eduard Llobet
In this paper, we develop high-performance gas sensors based on heteroatom-doped and -codoped graphene oxide as a sensing material for the detection of NO2 at trace levels. Graphene oxide (GO) was doped with nitrogen and boron by a chemical method using urea and boric acid as precursors. The prepared samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The obtained results proved the successful reduction of graphene oxide by doping effects, leading to the removal of some oxygen functional groups and restoration of an sp2 carbon structure. New bonds in honeycombs, such as pyridinic, pyrrolic, graphitic, B–C3, B–C2–O, and B–O, were created. Compared to the nondoped GO, the N/B-rGO materials exhibited enhanced responses toward low concentrations of NO2 (<1 ppm) at 100 °C. Particularly, the N-rGO-based device showed the highest sensitivity and lowest limit of detection.

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