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Selective Hydrogenation of Biomass-Derived 2(5H)-Furanone to γ‑Butyrolactone over Ni-Based Bimetallic Catalysts

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journal contribution
posted on 15.10.2018, 00:00 by Xiaodan Li, Weiming Wan, Jingguang G. Chen, Tiefeng Wang
2­(5H)-Furanone was selectively hydrogenated to γ-butyrolactone (GBL) over Ni-based bimetallic catalysts, Ni-M/SiO2 (M = Fe, Co, Cu, and Zn). Catalyst characterization showed that the metal dispersion and reducibility were changed after introducing a second metal, while the physical morphology was nearly unchanged. The most active and selective bimetallic catalyst was found to be Ni–Fe/SiO2. The reaction rate constant over the 4 wt %Ni–1 wt þ/SiO2 bimetallic catalyst was 0.06 min–1, doubling that over 5 wt %Ni/SiO2, and the selectivity to GBL increased slightly from 86.1 to 89.5%. The Fe/(Ni+Fe) weight ratio was changed to optimize the promoting effect of Fe. The Ni–Fe bimetallic effect was further investigated using temperature-programmed desorption experiments on single crystal model surfaces with different Fe/Ni(111) structures, revealing that the enhanced catalyst activity was mainly contributed by the formation of the Ni–Fe surface alloy.