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Selective Decoating-Induced Activation of Supramolecularly Coated Toxic Nanoparticles for Multiple Applications

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journal contribution
posted on 27.05.2020, 18:43 by Cheng Gao, Cheryl H. T. Kwong, Chen Sun, Zheng Li, Siyu Lu, Ying-Wei Yang, Simon M. Y. Lee, Ruibing Wang
In spite of the rapid emergence of numerous nanoparticles (NPs) for biomedical applications, it is often challenging to precisely control, or effectively tame, the bioactivity/toxicity of NPs, thereby exhibiting limited applications in biomedical areas. Herein, we report the construction of hyaluronic acid (HA)-laminated, otherwise toxic methylviologen (MV), NPs via ternary host–guest complexation among cucurbit[8]­uril, trans-azobenzene-conjugated HA, and MV-functionalized polylactic acid NPs (MV-NPs). The high, nonspecific toxicity of MV-NPs was effectively shielded (turned off) by HA lamination, as demonstrated in cells, zebrafish, and mouse models. The supramolecular host–guest interaction-mediated HA coating offered several HA-MV-NP modalities, including hyaluronidase locally and photoirradiation remotely, to precisely remove HA lamination on demand, thereby endowing materials with the capability of selective decoating-induced activation (DIA) for applications as a user-friendly herbicide, a selective antibacterial agent, or an anticancer nanomedicine. This work offers facile supramolecular coating and DIA strategies to effectively tame and precisely control the bioactivity and toxicity of functional nanomaterials for diverse applications.