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Sculpting the Bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane Template of Carbocyclic Nucleosides to Improve Recognition by Herpes Thymidine Kinase

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journal contribution
posted on 16.05.2007, 00:00 by Maria J. Comin, Riad Agbaria, Tsipi Ben-Kasus, Mahmoud Huleihel, Chenzhong Liao, Guangyu Sun, Marc C. Nicklaus, Jeffrey R. Deschamps, Damon A. Parrish, Victor E. Marquez
The replacement of the furanose ring by a cyclopentane in nucleosides generates a group of analogues known generically as carbocyclic nucleosides. These compounds have increased chemical and enzymatic stability due to the absence of a true glycosyl bond that characterizes conventional nucleosides. The additional fusion of a cyclopropane ring to the cyclopentane produces a bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane system that depending on its location relative to the nucleobase is able to lock the embedded cyclopentane ring into conformations that mimic the typical north and south conformations of the furanose ring in conventional nucleosides. These bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane templates have already provided important clues to differentiate the contrasting conformational preferences between kinases and polymerases. Herein, we describe the design, synthesis, and phosphorylation pattern of a new bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane thymidine analogue that seems to possess an ideal spatial distribution of pharmacophores for an optimal interaction with herpes simplex 1 thymidine kinase. The bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane template represents a privileged rigid template for sculpting other carbocyclic nucleosides to meet the demands of specific receptors.