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Scavenging of dpph Radicals by Vitamin E Is Accelerated by Its Partial Ionization:  the Role of Sequential Proton Loss Electron Transfer

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journal contribution
posted on 27.10.2005, 00:00 by Malgorzata Musialik, Grzegorz Litwinienko
Rate constants for reaction of α-tocopherol, 2,2,5,7,8-pentamethyl-6-hydroxychroman, and 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol with 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical were measured in solvents of different polarity and H-bond basicity. In ionization supporting solvents besides hydrogen atom transfer (HAT), the kinetics of the process is partially governed by sequential proton loss electron transfer (SPLET). Addition of acetic acid reduces the rate by eliminating SPLET to leave only HAT, while addition of water increases the rate by enhancing phenol deprotonation.