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Salts, Cocrystals, and Ionic Cocrystals of a “Simple” Tautomeric Compound

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journal contribution
posted on 16.10.2018, 13:35 by Ting Wang, Joanna S. Stevens, Thomas Vetter, George F. S. Whitehead, Iñigo J. Vitorica-Yrezabal, Hongxun Hao, Aurora J. Cruz-Cabeza
We have investigated the cocrystallization behavior of AHMP (2-amino-6-methyl-1,4-dihydropyrimidin-4-one) with a series of acids and imide coformers. Being a base able to tautomerize, at the molecular level, AHMP may exist as three different neutral tautomers or, if protonated, in the form of several cationic species. Crystal engineering concepts were used in order to attempt selective isolation of several tautomers. For this, a series of acids and imides were used as coformers. Cocrystallization with acids resulted in 11 new solid forms including salts, ionic cocrystals, and cocrystals. Cocrystallizations with imides did not afford any new forms, while cocrystallization with saccharin afforded two polymorphic salts and an ionic cocrystal. Two of the possible tautomers were obtained as well as one of the cationic species. DFT calculations were carried out in order to rationalize the molecular species obtained as well as the supramolecular motifs. Despite being a small “simple” molecule, AHMP has a very rich and interesting solid form landscape with cocrystals containing two different tautomers, many salts (some of which are polymorphic), and multiple ionic cocrystals.