SET-LRP from Programmed Difunctional Initiators Encoded with Double Single-Cleavage and Double Dual-Cleavage Groups
journal contributionposted on 24.07.2019, 20:43 by Adrian Moreno, Juan C. Ronda, Virginia Cádiz, Marina Galià, Gerard Lligadas, Virgil Percec
The use of stimuli-cleavable difunctional initiators containing a discrete single-type cleavable junction represents a general strategy to prepare mid-chain-degradable vinylic polymers. Here, we present a series of α-haloester-type programmed initiators encoding multiple single-type and dual-type cleavable junctions. Multiple single-cleavage groups increase the cleavage rate, whereas double-dual sites provide access to multiple mechanisms for cleavage. Single-electron transfer living radical polymerization was employed to generate well-defined mid-chain-cleavable poly(methyl acrylate)s designed with low-pH, low-pH/reduction, or low-pH/UV light cleavable linkages. Kinetic studies demonstrated that the polymerizations are living when using various catalytic Cu(0) sources (wire and powder), ligands (Me6-TREN and TREN), and solvent sources (homogeneous and “programmed” biphasic). Moreover, structural analyses by NMR and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight confirmed the near-perfect chain-end functionality of these stimuli-cleavable polymers derived from programmed initiators. A rigorous gel permeation chromatography study demonstrated that the combination of multiple acetal, disulfide, or 2-nitroresorcinol-derived acetal junctions offer attractive possibilities in terms of selective cleavage and orthogonal degradation.
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Multiple single-cleavage groups increasesourceDouble Dual-Cleavage Groupsgel permeation chromatography studystimuli-cleavable difunctional initiatorsTRENinitiators encodingmid-chain-degradable vinylic polymersstimuli-cleavable polymerssingle-type cleavable junctiondual-type cleavable junctionsSingle-electron transferKinetic studiesSET-LRPdouble-dual sites2- nitroresorcinol-derived acetal junctions offerpolymerizationorthogonal degradationlow-pHα- haloester-typechain-end functionalityNMRDouble Single-CleavageProgrammed Difunctional Initiators Encodedcleavage rate