Ru/ITO: A Carbon-Free Cathode for Nonaqueous Li–O2 Battery
journal contributionposted on 18.02.2016, 17:04 by Fujun Li, Dai-Ming Tang, Yong Chen, Dmitri Golberg, Hirokazu Kitaura, Tao Zhang, Atsuo Yamada, Haoshen Zhou
Ru nanoparticles deposited on a conductive support indium tin oxide (Ru/ITO) were applied as a carbon-free cathode in a nonaqueous Li–O2 battery. The Li–O2 battery with Ru/ITO showed much lower charging overpotentials and better cycling performance at 0.15 mA/cm2 than those with Super P (SP) and SP loaded with Ru nanoparticles (Ru/SP) as the cathodes. The carbon-free cathode Ru/ITO can effectively reduce formation of Li2CO3 or other Li carbonates in a discharging process, which cannot be completely decomposed upon charging, in comparison with the carbon based cathode. The improved performance of Ru/ITO can be attributed to the superior catalytic activity of Ru nanoparticles toward oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and the absence of carbon that has been reported to react with Li2O2 to form Li2CO3.