American Chemical Society
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Ru(II) Complexes with a Chemical and Redox-Active S2N2 Ligand: Structures, Electrochemistry, and Metal–Ligand Cooperativity

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-10-11, 18:52 authored by Gummadi Durgaprasad, Javier A. Luna, Kyle D. Spielvogel, Christian Haas, Scott K. Shaw, Scott R. Daly
Here we describe the synthesis, structures, and reactivity of Ru complexes containing a triaryl, redox-active S2N2 ligand derived from o-phenylenediamine and thioanisole subunits. The coordination chemistry of N,N′-bis­[2-(methylthio)­phenyl]-1,2-diaminobenzene [H2(MeSNNSMe)] was established by treating RuCl2(PPh3)3 with H2(MeSNNSMe) to yield {Ru­[H2(MeSNNSMe)]­Cl­(PPh3)}Cl (1). Coordinated H2(MeSNNSMe) was sequentially deprotonated to form Ru­[H­(MeSNNSMe)]­Cl­(PPh3) (2) followed by the five-coordinate, square pyramidal complex Ru­(MeSNNSMe)­(PPh3) (3). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies revealed that the ligand structurally rearranged around the metal at each deprotonation step to conjugate the adjacent aryl groups with the o-phenylenediamine backbone. Deprotonation of 2 with NaBH4 or treatment of 3 with BH3·tetrahydrofuran (THF) yielded Ru­[(μ-H)­BH2]­(MeSNNSMe)­(PPh3) (5) with BH3 bound across a Ru–N bond in a metal–ligand cooperative fashion. The cyclic voltammogram of 3 in THF revealed three redox events consistent with one-electron oxidations and reductions of the o-phenylenediamine backbone and the metal (Ru3+/Ru2+). Reactions of 3 with CO, HBF4, and benzoic acid yielded the new complexes Ru­(MeSNNSMe)­(CO)­(PPh3), {Ru­[H­(MeSNNSMe)]­(PPh3)­(THF)}­BF4, and Ru­[H­(MeSNNSMe)]­(PPh3)­(PhCO2), indicating broader suitability for small molecule binding and reactivity studies. Subsequent nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry data are reported in addition to molecular structures obtained from single-crystal XRD studies.