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Room-Temperature Quantum Coherence and Rabi Oscillations in Vanadyl Phthalocyanine: Toward Multifunctional Molecular Spin Qubits

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journal contribution
posted on 07.02.2016, 00:00 by Matteo Atzori, Lorenzo Tesi, Elena Morra, Mario Chiesa, Lorenzo Sorace, Roberta Sessoli
Here we report the investigation of the magnetic relaxation and the quantum coherence of vanadyl phthalocyanine, VOPc, a multifunctional and easy-processable potential molecular spin qubit. VOPc in its pure form (1) and its crystalline dispersions in the isostructural diamagnetic host TiOPc in different stoichiometric ratios, namely VOPc:TiOPc 1:10 (2) and 1:1000 (3), were investigated via a multitechnique approach based on the combination of alternate current (AC) susceptometry, continuous wave, and pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. AC susceptibility measurements revealed a linear increase of the relaxation rate with temperature up to 20 K, as expected for a direct mechanism, but τ remains slow over a very wide range of applied static field values (up to ∼5 T). Pulsed EPR spectroscopy experiments on 3 revealed quantum coherence up to room temperature with Tm ∼1 μs at 300 K, representing the highest value obtained to date for molecular electronic spin qubits. Rabi oscillations are observed in this nuclear spin-active environment (1H and 14N nuclei) at room temperature also for 2, indicating an outstanding robustness of the quantum coherence in this molecular semiconductor exploitable in spintronic devices.