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Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism in Mg1–xMn2+xAs2 with Layered Structure

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journal contribution
posted on 27.08.2021, 23:29 by Xiao-Cun Liu, Min Zhu, Sheng-Qing Xia
A series of Mg/Mn mixed intermetallic compounds Mg1–xMn2+xAs2 (x = 0.17, 0.48, 0.69) were synthesized by using metal flux reactions. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction measurements indicated that CaAl2Si2-type phases with Mn and Mg atoms located on the cation sites (Wickoff site: 1a) were obtained. The special structure of these Mg1–xMn2+xAs2 compounds corresponded to unique magnetic behavior, which led to increased divergence between zero-field-cooling (ZFC) and field-cooling magnetic susceptibilities with decreasing temperature. The small magnetic hysteresis loop measured at 300 K for Mg0.31(2)Mn2.69As2 revealed its room-temperature ferromagnetism, and its ZFC exchange bias behavior at low temperatures indicated the existence of both ferromagnetic (FM) and antiferromagnetic (AFM) interactions. Spin-polarized density functional theory calculations were also performed to verify the magnetic ground state, and these were consistent with the experimental results.