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Roles of Oxygen Vacancies in the Bulk and Surface of CeO2 for Toluene Catalytic Combustion

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journal contribution
posted on 04.09.2020, 19:07 by Ziang Su, Wenhao Yang, Chizhong Wang, Shangchao Xiong, Xingzhong Cao, Yue Peng, Wenzhe Si, Yibin Weng, Ming Xue, Junhua Li
Catalytic combustion technology is one of the effective methods to remove VOCs such as toluene from industrial emissions. The decomposition of an aromatic ring via catalyst oxygen vacancies is usually the rate-determining step of toluene oxidation into CO2. Series of CeO2 probe models were synthesized with different ratios of surface-to-bulk oxygen vacancies. Besides the devotion of the surface vacancies, a part of the bulk vacancies promotes the redox property of CeO2 in toluene catalytic combustion: surface vacancies tend to adsorb and activate gaseous O2 to form adsorbed oxygen species, whereas bulk vacancies improve the mobility and activity of lattice oxygen species via their transmission effect. Adsorbed oxygen mainly participates in the chemical adsorption and partial oxidation of toluene (mostly to phenolate). With the elevated temperatures, lattice oxygen of the catalysts facilitates the decomposition of aromatic rings and further improves the oxidation of toluene to CO2.