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Role of the gem-Difluoro Moiety in the Tandem Ring-Closing Metathesis−Olefin Isomerization:  Regioselective Preparation of Unsaturated Lactams

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posted on 2006-03-31, 00:00 authored by Santos Fustero, María Sánchez-Roselló, Diego Jiménez, Juan F. Sanz-Cervera, Carlos del Pozo, José Luis Aceña
Careful selection of the metathesis catalyst, solvent, and reaction conditions allows for the efficient and regioselective synthesis of isomeric fluorinated and nonfluorinated lactam derivatives II and III from precursor amides I through a ring-closing metathesis (RCM) reaction or a tandem RCM−isomerization protocol, respectively. The presence of the gem-difluoro moiety in the starting materials exerts a pivotal effect by directing the isomerization step, making the overall tandem transformation a regioselective process. The scope, limitations, and synthetic usefulness of this protocol are also discussed.

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