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Role of the O4 Channel in Photosynthetic Water Oxidation as Revealed by Fourier Transform Infrared Difference and Time-Resolved Infrared Analysis of the D1-S169A Mutant

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journal contribution
posted on 18.02.2020, 19:35 by Yuichiro Shimada, Tomomi Kitajima-Ihara, Ryo Nagao, Takumi Noguchi
Photosynthetic water oxidation takes place at the Mn4CaO5 cluster in photosystem II. Although the atomic structures of its intermediates called S states have recently been reported, the catalytic mechanism of water oxidation has not been well understood. Here, to investigate the involvement of the O4 site of the Mn4CaO5 cluster and a water channel from O4 in the water oxidation reaction, we examined the effects of D1-S169A mutation, which perturbs the interaction of a water molecule hydrogen-bonded with O4, by thermoluminescence (TL), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) difference, and time-resolved infrared (TRIR) measurements. The observed upshifts of TL peaks and some changes in FTIR spectra upon S169A mutation revealed the perturbations of the redox potential of the Mn4CaO5 cluster and the interactions of the surrounding hydrogen bond network. In contrast, FTIR oscillation patterns and TRIR traces showed only minor effects of the mutation on the efficiencies and kinetics of individual S-state transitions. It was thus concluded that the O4 site plays a role in retaining the redox potential and the structure of the hydrogen bond network, whereas it is unlikely to be directly involved in the catalytic reaction of substrate water except for proton transfer through the O4 water chain.