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Role of Human 15-Lipoxygenase‑2 in the Biosynthesis of the Lipoxin Intermediate, 5S,15S-diHpETE, Implicated with the Altered Positional Specificity of Human 15-Lipoxygenase‑1

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posted on 13.10.2020, 16:12 by Steven C. Perry, Thomas Horn, Benjamin E. Tourdot, Adriana Yamaguchi, Chakrapani Kalyanaraman, William S. Conrad, Oluwayomi Akinkugbe, Michael Holinstat, Matthew P. Jacobson, Theodore R. Holman
The oxylipins, 5S,12S-dihydroxy-6E,8Z,10E,14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid (5S,12S-diHETE) and 5S,15S-dihydroxy-6E,8Z,11Z,13E-eicosatetraenoic acid (5S,15S-diHETE), have been identified in cell exudates and have chemotactic activity toward eosinophils and neutrophils. Their biosynthesis has been proposed to occur by sequential oxidations of arachidonic acid (AA) by lipoxygenase enzymes, specifically through oxidation of AA by h5-LOX followed by h12-LOX, h15-LOX-1, or h15-LOX-2. In this work, h15-LOX-1 demonstrates altered positional specificity when reacting with 5S-HETE, producing 90% 5S,12S-diHETE, instead of 5S,15S-diHETE, with kinetics 5-fold greater than that of h12-LOX. This is consistent with previous work in which h15-LOX-1 reacts with 7S-HDHA, producing the noncanonical, DHA-derived, specialized pro-resolving mediator, 7S,14S-diHDHA. It is also determined that oxygenation of 5S-HETE by h15-LOX-2 produces 5S,15S-diHETE and its biosynthetic kcat/KM flux is 2-fold greater than that of h15-LOX-1, suggesting that h15-LOX-2 may have a greater role in lipoxin biosynthesis than previously thought. In addition, it is shown that oxygenation of 12S-HETE and 15S-HETE by h5-LOX is kinetically slow, suggesting that the first step in the in vitro biosynthesis of both 5S,12S-diHETE and 5S,15S-diHETE is the production of 5S-HETE.

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