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Robust Superhydrophobic Cotton Fibers Prepared by Simple Dip-Coating Approach Using Chemical and Plasma-Etching Pretreatments

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journal contribution
posted on 30.04.2019, 08:13 by Phuong Nguyen-Tri, Funda Altiparmak, Nam Nguyen, Ludovic Tuduri, Claudiane M. Ouellet-Plamondon, Robert E. Prud’homme
The preparation of superhydrophobic textiles with high mechanical and chemical durability is challenging. Here, facile and fluorine-free methods, using alkali and plasma-etching treatments, followed by the addition of silica nanoparticles and tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS), were used to prepare superhydrophobic cotton surfaces. With different input variables and etching techniques, superhydrophobic cotton fabrics with high chemical and mechanical durability were successfully prepared, with contact angles up to 173°. A control of the surface architecture at the nanoscale in combination with a homogeneous repellent layer of TEOS in the cotton surface was achieved. The repellent properties of the as-prepared cotton remain stable under accelerated laundering and abrasion test conditions. The etching pretreatment by alkali or plasma plays a key role in obtaining superhydrophobic cotton surfaces.