Robust Photothermal Coating Strategy for Efficient Ice Removal
journal contributionposted on 2020-10-01, 19:08 authored by Yubo Liu, Yang Wu, Yizhe Liu, Rongnian Xu, Shujuan Liu, Feng Zhou
Preventing ice formation and ice swift removal from the solid surface are essential in numerous application fields. Superhydrophobic coating is an effective way to delay the icing phenomenon. However, the superhydrophobic coating was wetted easily after icing–deicing cycles that led to the failure of anti-icing. In this study, a robust, amphiphobic coating consisted of fluorinated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (FMWCNTs) and commercial polyurethane was constructed by a simply spray process. Because of the addition of FMWCNTs, the coating demonstrated a good amphiphobic feature and highly efficient photothermal conversion, which endowed the coating surface with excellent deicing and defrosting characteristics under sunlight irradiation. In addition, self-cleaning and self-healing properties of the coating under sunlight ensured its efficient photothermal conversion and long service life. To further improve the photothermal deicing effect, a coating system containing a photothermal layer (P), thermal-conductive layer (C), and thermal-protective layer (P) was constructed. The heat generating from the photothermal layer can transfer the whole coating surface by the conductive layer, but with limited transmission to substrate materials by a thermal-protective layer. The coating system can still deice and defrost rapidly on the whole surface and only a small portion of photothermal coating was irradiated under extremely low temperature. The outdoor experiment has confirmed that the coating melted and removed snow rapidly in a winter environment. The multifunctional photothermal deicing coating may have a wide application in outdoor surrounding.