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Revisiting LiCoO2 Using a State-of-the-Art In Operando Technique

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journal contribution
posted on 22.07.2020, 11:33 by Kazuhiko Mukai, Takeshi Uyama, Takamasa Nonaka
Lithium overstoichiometric cobalt oxide, Li­(LiδCo1−δ)­O2−δ, still occupies a privileged position as a positive electrode material for lithium-ion batteries. However, despite its widespread applications in commercial lithium-ion batteries, little is known about its reaction mechanisms and the effects of δ on cyclability at deep charge. We herein revisited this material through a recently developed in operando technique, i.e., rapid, alternating measurements of X-ray diffraction and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The cyclability degraded when the charge cutoff voltage was >4.4 V versus Li+/Li, which corresponds to the Li composition exhibiting a minimum (maximum) lattice parameter along the ah (ch) axis. Differences in the structural parameters such as lattice parameters and bond distances clearly appeared between the charge and discharge reactions at a capacity below ∼220 mAh g–1. These changes occurred because deep charge and/or increasing the amount of δ induced a local distortion in the CoO6 octahedra. We found a critical Li extraction content that satisfied the need for both high capacity and cyclability for Li­(LiδCo1−δ)­O2−δ, which can be applied to other layered materials.