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Revealing Surface Restraint-Induced Hexagonal Pd Nanocrystals via In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy
journal contributionposted on 2022-05-18, 21:07 authored by Ruiyang You, Zhemin Wu, Jian Yu, Fei Wang, Shiyuan Chen, Zhong-kang Han, Wentao Yuan, Hangsheng Yang, Yong Wang
Achieving metal nanocrystals with metastable phase draws much attention due to their anticipated fascinating properties, wheras it is still challenging because their polymorphism nature and phase transition mechanism remain elusive. Here, phase stability of face-centered cubic (fcc) Pd nanocrystals was studied via in situ spherical aberration (Cs)-corrected transmission electron microscopy (TEM). By constructing a well-defined Pd/C composite structure, Pd nanocrystals encapsulated by graphite, the dispersion process of fcc Pd was observed through a nucleation and growth process. Interestingly, Cs-corrected scanning TEM analysis demonstrated that the newly formed Pd nanocrystals could adopt a metastable hexagonal phase, which was considered challenging to obtain. Accordingly, formation mechanism of the hexagonal Pd nanocrystals was proposed, which involved the combined effect of two factors: (1) templating of graphite and (2) size effect. This work is expected to offer new insight into the polymorphism of Pd nanocrystals and pave the way for the future design of metastable metal nanomaterials.
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