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Revealing Protein Structures in Solid-Phase Peptide Synthesis by 13C Solid-State NMR: Evidence of Excessive Misfolding for Alzheimer’s β

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journal contribution
posted on 22.02.2016, 05:58 by Songlin Wang, Yoshitaka Ishii
Solid-phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) is a widely used technique in biology and chemistry. However, the synthesis yield in SPPS often drops drastically for longer amino acid sequences, presumably because of the occurrence of incomplete coupling reactions. The underlying cause for this problem is hypothesized to be a sequence-dependent propensity to form secondary structures through protein aggregation. However, few methods are available to study the site-specific structure of proteins or long peptides that are anchored to the solid support used in SPPS. This study presents a novel solid-state NMR (SSNMR) approach to examine protein structure in the course of SPPS. As a useful benchmark, we describe the site-specific SSNMR structural characterization of the 40-residue Alzheimer’s β-amyloid (Aβ) peptide during SPPS. Our 2D 13C/13C correlation SSNMR data on Aβ(1–40) bound to a resin support demonstrated that Aβ underwent excessive misfolding into a highly ordered β-strand structure across the entire amino acid sequence during SPPS. This approach is likely to be applicable to a wide range of peptides/proteins bound to the solid support that are synthesized through SPPS.