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Retinal Proteome Analysis in a Mouse Model of Oxygen-Induced Retinopathy

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journal contribution
posted on 02.11.2012, 00:00 by Sang Jin Kim, Jonghwa Jin, Young Joo Kim, Youngsoo Kim, Hyeong Gon Yu
To identify proteins that are involved in the molecular mechanisms of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR), a well-established model of blinding ischemic retinopathy, we quantitatively analyzed the retinal proteome in a mouse model of OIR. OIR was induced by exposing C57BL/6 mice on postnatal day 7 (P7) to 75% hyperoxia for 5 days, followed by 5 days in room air. Retinas from mice on P12 and P17, the hyperoxic and hypoxic phases, respectively, and control groups were examined using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) and nano-LC-ESI-MS/MS. In total, 1422 retinal proteins were identified: 699 from the iTRAQ experiment and 1074 by nano-LC-ESI-MS/MS. Compared with control retinas in the iTRAQ study, OIR retinas upregulated and downregulated 21 and 17 proteins, respectively, in P17 retinas and 25 and 14 proteins, respectively, in P12 retinas. Of the differentially expressed proteins, the retinal expression of crystallin proteins, Müller cell-associated proteins, neurodegeneration-associated proteins, and angiogenesis-associated proteins, such as 150-kDa oxygen-regulated protein (ORP150), were analyzed. ORP150 colocalized to the neovascular tufts, and knockdown of ORP150 by siRNA decreased the levels of secreted VEGF in cultured retinal pigment epithelial cells. Moreover, intravitreal administration of siRNA targeting ORP150 significantly reduced the retinal neovascularization in OIR. In conclusion, our proteomic discovery method, coupled with targeted approaches, revealed many proteins that were differentially regulated in the mouse model of OIR. These proteins, including ORP150, are potential novel therapeutic targets for the treatment of proliferative ischemic retinopathy.