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Retention of CdS/ZnS Quantum Dots (QDs) on the Root Epidermis of Woody Plant and Its Implications by Benzo[a]pyrene: Evidence from the in Situ Synchronous Nanosecond Time-Resolved Fluorescence Spectra Method

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journal contribution
posted on 04.01.2018, 00:00 by Ruilong Li, Haifeng Sun, Shaopeng Wang, Yinghui Wang, Kefu Yu
The retention of CdS/ZnS QDs on the epidermis has been confirmed to be one of the core procedures during the root uptake process. However, the retention mechanisms of QDs on the epidermis of woody plant were poorly understood for lacking of an appropriate QD quantitative method. In this study, a novel method for in situ determination of CdS/ZnS QDs retained on the root epidermis was established using synchronous nanosecond time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. No correlations between Kf values of oleylamine-CdS/ZnS QDs retained on the epidermal tissues and the surface/bulk composition of mangrove root were observed (p > 0.05) due to the existence of endocytosis mechanisms during the QD uptake processes. Moreover, the difference of the CdS/ZnS QDs in water and further translocated to xylem/phloem of root rather than the combination with cell wall/membranes was the predominant reason that caused the Kf values to follow the sequence of PEG-COOH-CdS/ZnS QDs < PEG-NH2-CdS/ZnS QDs ≪ oleylamine-CdS/ZnS QDs.