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Residual-Solvent-Induced Morphological Transformation by Intense Pulsed Light on Spin-Coated and Inkjet-Printed ZnO NP Films for Quantum-Dot Light-Emitting Diodes

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journal contribution
posted on 12.10.2021, 16:03 by Young Joon Han, Kyung-Tae Kang, Kwan Hyun Cho
It was demonstrated through a comparison between the spin-coated and inkjet-printed quantum-dot light-emitting diodes’ (QLED) performance analysis outcomes that the annealing temperature of a zinc oxide nanoparticle (ZnO NP) electron transport layer (ETL) optimized for intense pulsed light (IPL) via a post-treatment differs depending on the film-formation method used. For a naturally dried ZnO NP ETL formulated without annealing, different film morphologies were observed according to the film-formation method of spin coating and inkjet printing, and the surface-roughness root mean square (RMS) value was increased in an IPL post-treatment due to unevaporated residual solvent. Based on this phenomenon, we classified and analyzed different film profiles according to the deposition method, the presence or absence of annealing, and the annealing temperature.