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Relationships between the Hydrogenation and Dehydrogenation Properties of Rh‑, Ir‑, Pd‑, and Pt-Containing Zeolites Y Studied by In Situ MAS NMR Spectroscopy and Conventional Heterogeneous Catalysis

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journal contribution
posted on 04.02.2016, 15:09 by Utz Obenaus, Felix Neher, Matthias Scheibe, Michael Dyballa, Swen Lang, Michael Hunger
The intrinsic hydrogenation activities of homologous series of noble-metal-containing zeolites Y were studied by in situ solid-state NMR spectroscopy under semibatch conditions. For the hydrogenation of acrylonitrile, reaction rates in the sequence Pd/H,Na–Y > Rh/H,Na–Y > Pt/H,Na–Y > Ir/H,Na–Y were determined. The dehydrogenation of propane at these zeolites gave a sequence of the turnover frequencies of Ir/H,Na–Y > Rh/H,Na–Y > Pd/H,Na–Y, while Pt/H,Na–Y zeolites showed significantly higher activities. The temperature-programmed desorption of hydrogen (H2-TPD) was utilized for studying the strength of H2/metal interactions. The positions of the high-temperature peaks were arranged according to 2.8Pd/H,Na–Y (723 K) > 2.3Rh/H,Na–Y (713 K) > 4.7Ir/H,Na–Y (663 K). Comparison of these data indicates that strong H2/metal interactions are accompanied by a preferred formation of surface hydrogen atoms, which are the reason for the high hydrogenation activity of Pd/H,Na–Y zeolites compared with Rh/H,Na–Y and Ir/H,Na–Y zeolites. In the case of the propane dehydrogenation, the strong H2/Pd interactions in Pd/H,Na–Y zeolites hinder the desorption of the reaction product H2, explaining the lower dehydrogenation activity of these zeolites compared with Rh/H,Na–Y and Ir/H,Na–Y zeolites. For the high catalytic activities of the Pt/H,Na–Y zeolites, an effect of strongly chemisorbed hydrogen atoms inside the Pt clusters is discussed.