Regiospecific Functionalization of Methyl C−H Bonds of Alkyl Groups in Reagents with Heteroatom Functionality
journal contributionposted on 01.12.2004, 00:00 by Joshua D. Lawrence, Makoto Takahashi, Chulsung Bae, John F. Hartwig
We report the regiospecific, rhodium-catalyzed borylation of saturated terminal C−H bonds in molecules with existing functionality. Moderate to good yields were obtained with the organic substrate in excess and as limiting reagent. The borylations of trialkylamines, protected alcohols, protected ketones, and fluoroalkanes occurred regiospecifically at the methyl group that is least sterically hindered. Reactions were also conducted that probed electronic effects on the alkyl borylation. These reactions showed that the borylation occurred preferentially at the methyl group that is most electron-deficient. Methods to conduct tandem borylation of C−H bonds and conversion of the resulting boronate esters to alcohols, alkylarenes, and alkyltrifluoroborates were also developed.