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Regioselective C–H Alkenylation and Unsymmetrical Bis-olefination of Heteroarene Carboxylic Acids with Ruthenium Catalysis in Water

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journal contribution
posted on 30.11.2020, 13:35 by Anup Mandal, Ratnadeep Bera, Mahiuddin Baidya
An efficient weak carboxylate-assisted oxidative cross-dehydrogenative C–H/C–H coupling (CDC) of heteroarenes with readily available olefins has been devised employing water as green solvent under ruthenium­(II) catalysis. The reaction is operationally simple, accommodates a large variety of heteroaromatic carboxylic acids as well as olefins, and facilitates a diverse array of high-value olefin-tethered heteroarenes in high yields (up to 87%). The potential of this ortho-C–H bond activation strategy has also been exploited toward tunable synthesis of densely functionalized heteroarenes through challenging unsymmetrical bis-olefination process in a one-pot sequential fashion. Mechanistic investigation demonstrates a reversible ruthenation process and C–H metalation step might not be involved in the rate-determining step.