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Reducing Strain and Fracture of Electrophoretically Deposited CdSe Nanocrystal Films. I. Postdeposition Infusion of Capping Ligands

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journal contribution
posted on 14.02.2013, 00:00 authored by Theodore J. Kramer, Sanat K. Kumar, Michael L. Steigerwald, Irving P. Herman
Thick electrophoretically deposited (EPD) films of ligand-capped colloidal nanocrystals that adhere to the substrate typically crack after they are removed from the deposition solvent due to the loss of residual solvent. We report the suppression of fracture in several micrometers thick EPD films of CdSe nanocrystals by treating the wet, as-deposited films with solutions containing the NC core-capping ligand, trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO). The increase in TOPO ligand density increases photoluminescence of the dried film and leads to a decrease in elastic modulus.