Recovery of Magnetic Catalysts: Advanced Design for Process Intensification
journal contributionposted on 2021-09-22, 19:06 authored by Cristina González-Fernández, Jenifer Gómez-Pastora, Eugenio Bringas, Maciej Zborowski, Jeffrey J. Chalmers, Inmaculada Ortiz
The design of microdevices in which components with magnetic character must be separated and recovered from reactive media benefits from the advantages of microfluidics and meets the criteria for process intensification; however, there are open questions, such as the design of the most appropriate magnet arrangement, that need further research in order to increase the magnetic gradient exerted on the particles. Herein, we focus on the continuous recovery of magnetic microparticles, that can be used as support to facilitate the recovery of biocatalysts (magnetic microcatalysts, MMCs) from biological fluids. We analyze and compare the performance of two typical magnetophoretic microdevices for addressing bead recovery: (i) annular channels with a quadrupole orientation of the permanent magnets (quadrupole magnetic sorter, QMS) and (ii) the standard design, which consists of rectangular channels with a single permanent magnet to generate the magnetic field. To this end, an experimentally validated computational fluid dynamics (CFD) numerical model has been employed. Our results reveal that for devices with the same width and length, the micro-QMS, in comparison to a rectangular channel, could accomplish the complete particle retrieval while (i) processing more than 4 times higher fluid velocities, treating more than 360 times higher flow rates or (ii) working with smaller particles, thus reducing by 55% the particle mass. Additionally, the parallel performance of ≈300 micro-QMSs fulfills the processing of flow rates as high as 200 L·h–1 while entirely capturing the magnetic beads. Thereby, this work shows the potential of the QMS advanced design in the intensification of the recovery of catalysts supports of magnetic character.
reactive media benefitsappropriate magnet arrangementsingle permanent magnetcomplete particle retrievalmagnetic gradient exerted≈ 300 microaddressing bead recoveryquadrupole magnetic sortermagnetic character mustqms advanced designmagnetic characterquadrupole orientationpermanent magnetsparticle massadvanced designmagnetic microparticlesmagnetic microcatalystsmagnetic fieldmagnetic catalystsmagnetic beadswork showsthus reducingstandard designresults revealrectangular channelsrectangular channelqmss fulfillsopen questionsnumerical modelflow ratesentirely capturingcould accomplishcontinuous recoverycatalysts supportsbiological fluidsannular channels