Recommendations for Oil Extraction and Refining Process to Prevent the Formation of Monochloropropane-diol Esters in Sunflower Oil
journal contributionposted on 2021-05-21, 13:04 authored by Karine Redeuil, Xanthippe Theurillat, Marine Nicolas, Kornél Nagy
The aim of this study was to identify the chlorine source during sunflower oil production and propose mitigation strategies in order to prevent monochloropropane-diol ester (MCPDE) formation. Whole sunflower seeds, the separated kernel, hulls, and pressed cake were studied to pinpoint the location of chlorine donors originating from the crop. Acid–water-based degumming, bleaching, cooling, and heat treatment were performed to mimic the current refining process practices. Various oil extraction and refining scenarios were tested. MCPDE and total monochloropropane-diol (MCPD) content of the heat-treated samples were determined by liquid chromatography-HRMS and by an AOCS Official method. The results show that the oil produced from crop hulls and the bleaching clay used are the strongest chlorine sources boosting the MCPDE formation. Using a mixture of pressed and solvent extracted cake oil as model, total 3-MCPD decreased by a factor of 2 when applying static cooling in combination with a washed bleaching clay.
crop hullsWhole sunflower seedsmitigation strategieschlorine sourceschlorine sourceresults showheat treatmentRefining Processcoolingheat-treated sampleschlorine donors3- MCPDVarious oil extractionrefining process practicessunflower oil productionrefining scenariosmonochloropropane-diol esterSunflower OilOil ExtractionMCPDE formationAOCSclaycake oilMonochloropropane-diol Esters