Real-Time Monitoring ATP in Mitochondrion of Living Cells: A Specific Fluorescent Probe for ATP by Dual Recognition Sites
journal contributionposted on 2017-01-12, 00:00 authored by Kai-Yue Tan, Chun-Yan Li, Yong-Fei Li, Junjie Fei, Bin Yang, Ya-Jun Fu, Fang Li
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is mainly produced in the mitochondrion and used as a universal energy source for various cellular events. Various fluorescent probes for ATP have been established successfully, but most of them are not appropriate for monitoring the fluctuation of the mitochondrial ATP level. Herein, a fluorescent probe named Mito-Rh is first synthesized and used to recognize ATP in mitochondrion. In the probe, rhodamine, diethylenetriamine, and triphenylphosphonium are selected as fluorophore, reaction site, and mitochondrion-targeting group, respectively. Probe Mito-Rh shows high sensitivity to ATP with 81-fold fluorescence enhancement, and the detection range (0.1–10 mM) can match the concentration level of ATP in the mitochondrion. Moreover, Mito-Rh provides excellent selectivity toward ATP over other biological anions (ADP, AMP, GTP, CTP, UTP) owing to a concurrent effect of dual recognition sites (hydrogen bond and π–π stacking). In particular, the probe can localize in mitochondrion specifically and demonstrates utility in the real-time detection of mitochondrial ATP concentration changes.